A1C test HbA1C test; Glycated hemoglobin test; Glycosylated hemoglobin test; Hemoglobin glycosylated test; Glycohemoglobin test How the Test is Performed: A blood sample is needed. Two methods are available: Blood drawn from a vein ( venipuncture ). This is done at a lab. Finger stick. This can be done in your health care provider's office.
Aarskog syndrome Facial-digital-genital syndrome Causes: Aarskog syndrome is a genetic disorder that is linked to the X chromosome. It affects mainly males, but females may have a milder form. The condition is caused by changes (mutations) in a gene called "faciogenital dysplasia" ( FGD1 ).
Aase syndrome Aase-Smith syndrome; Hypoplastic anemia/Triphalangeal thumb syndrome Causes: Most cases of Aase syndrome occur without a known reason and are not passed down through families (inherited). However, some cases have been shown to be inherited. This condition is similar to Diamond-Blackfan anemia, and the two conditions should not be separated.
Abdomen - swollen Swollen belly; Swelling in the abdomen; Abdominal distention; Distended abdomen Causes: Abdominal swelling, or distention, is more often caused by overeating than by a serious illness. This problem also can be caused by: Air swallowing (a nervous habit) Buildup of fluid in the abdomen (this can be a sign of a serious medical problem) Gas in the intestines from eating foods that are high in fiber (such as fruits and vegetables) Irritable bowel syndrome Lactose intolerance Ovarian cyst Partial bowel blockage Pregnancy Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) Uterine fibroids Weight gain Home Care: A swollen abdomen that is caused by eating a heavy meal will go away when you digest the food.
Abdominal aortic aneurysm Aneurysm - aortic; AAA Causes: The exact cause of the condition is unknown. Factors that can increase your risk of developing the problem include: Smoking High blood pressure Male gender Genetic factors An abdominal aortic aneurysm is most often seen in males over age 60 who have one or more risk factors.
Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair - open AAA - open; Repair - aortic aneurysm - open Description: The surgery will take place in an operating room. You will be given general anesthesia (you will be asleep and pain-free).
Abdominal bloating Bloating; Meteorism Causes: Common causes include: Swallowing air Constipation Gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) Irritable bowel syndrome Lactose intolerance and problems digesting other foods Overeating Small bowel bacterial overgrowth Weight gain The oral diabetes medicine, acarbose, and medicines or foods containing lactulose or sorbitol, may cause bloating.
Abdominal CT scan Computed tomography scan - abdomen; CT scan - abdomen; CAT scan - abdomen How the test is performed: You will lie on a narrow table that slides into the center of the CT scanner. Most often, you will lie on your back with your arms raised above the head. Once you are inside the scanner, the machine's x-ray beam rotates around you.
Abdominal exploration Exploratory surgery; Laparotomy; Exploratory laparotomy Description: Exploratory laparotomy is done while you are under general anesthesia.
Abdominal girth Abdominal girth is the measurement of the distance around the abdomen at a specific point. Measurement is most often made at the level of the belly button (navel). Abdominal girth is used to diagnose and monitor the following: Buildup of fluid in the abdomen, most often caused by liver failure or heart failure Obesity Buildup of intestinal gas, most often caused by blockage or obstruction in the intestines References: Martin P. Approach to the patient with liver disease.